The armed forces of Nigeria have shown over and over again that they are powerless to protect the national security of the country from acts of violence. The terrorist movement has become stronger in the north of Nigeria and other neighboring countries over the past 11 years since the murder of Boko Haram founding officer, Mohammed Yusuf from Nigerian police. This blog explores how the security forces in Nigeria, if anything, have handled the Boko Haram crisis.
Mohammed Yusuf, the then leader of the militant group named Boko Haram who was formed in 2002, was arrested in 2009 by the Nigerian military. They had the ability at that stage to gather information into the institution that would have ended Boko Haram or severely weakened their hierarchy at least.
Mohammed Yusuf was arrested by the Nigerian military in his parents’ home. He was later moved to Nigerian police custody before being taken to Maiduguri Police Base. Human rights defenders confirmed that Yusuf was executed in public by the Nigerian police. It was disputed by the police that Yusuf was shot while attempting to run, or that he died of wounds suffered by a military arms battle.
In the last 11 years, over 30,000 people in Nigeria have been killed by Boko Haram, and over 3 million have been displaced. Many have migrated to neighboring countries such as Cameroon. The Nigerian government says that it kills, kidnaps and rape women. The Nigerian military knows that the Sambisa forest of Borno State is home to this militant organization but it didn’t.
On April 2014, 276 girls from Chibok were abducted by Boko Haram. These girls have been raped and married. Some have also given birth to the offspring of their rapist. The government of Nigeria never identified these girls, but to date some of the girls were back.
CNN reported in 2018 that over 100 girls have been abducted in Dapchi by a splitting group known as ISWAP in Boko Haram. Weeks later, after talks, all but one was released.
According to UNICEF, since 2013, UNICEF has recently said that Boko Haram has kidnapped over 1,000 children.
In the latest event, a government officer told CNN that 337 students had not yet been told after arms had struck a school in Northern Nigeria. According to a brief audio message shared with the Nigerian media and checked by CNN, a man believed to be the chief of Boko Haram claimed responsibility for the abduction.
Katsina Governor Bello Masari’s allegations that over 300 children are still held captive by robbers have been rejected by the president of Nigeria.
According to claims by a local newspaper The Punch, only 10 boys were still missing.
Before Boko Haram becomes too heavy to cope with, it must be reversed. In terms of their recruitment, they have a strong economic atmosphere in Nigeria. As it says, the workshop of the devil is an idle mind. With an unemployment rate of 27 percent in Nigeria and a substantial share of the unemployed are gullible young people. Boko Haram was made to attract young, unemployed and bored zealots with a pledge of monetary advantages by the nigerian government.
The Boko Haram dilemma is discussed in the following words by the Nigerian government:
Firstly, they must ensure public protection – they must reinforce their military presence at the hot spots in Boko Haram and defend facilities such as schools, mosques and churches 24 hours a day. Security forces should be cautious and not responsive to Boko Haram’s attack.
Find and shut down the Boko Haram foundation – sounds clear so what’s the delay? Boko Haram’s positions should be actively sought by the Nigerian government. Public awareness is that they are mostly hiding in Sambisa forest in Nigeria’s state of Borno. The government of Nigeria can also consider assistance from Western nations and surrounding countries.
Shut off their ammunition supply- How did Boko Haram smuggle in weapons if the Nigerian government really controls all of their frontiers? Nigeria isn’t America, where weapons like sweets are sold. These militants have used weapons that have been smuggles or smuggled on the country’s black markets over the last 11 years. This channels must be closed by the government.
Fight the ideal not just of the citizens- Extremist groups’ ideals make the dissemination of their poison easier to gullible teenagers. History has proven that killing the militant groups chief would not eliminate the diffusion of these values. For example, the killing of Bin Laden has made Alqaeda an inspirational Martyr, not to mention the propagation of their values. To fight these agendas, online as well as on the field, the Nigerian government must engage in education campaigns.
Develop employment for Nigerian youth, especially in Northern Nigeria – Jobless youth are often easy targets for radicalization and the devil’s workshop is always an ideal mind. It is confusing why the world is unable to build viable employment for Africa’s largest economy. Nigeria has too many challenges to address, and more issues mean more unemployment.
Nigeria’s electricity intermittents are troublesome, there is no current water delivery network, reliance on palm oil, importation of polluting used vehicles, import of bad petrol, inadequate road networks, a poor credit system, weak healthcare services, malnutrition, poverty and, in turn, unemployment. These are challenges that the Government can address if it spends and improves development capacities in the economy and in infrastructure.